The majority of the crimes in Maine are contained in Title 17 of the Maine Revised Statutes, the Maine Criminal Code, though some crimes are in other sections. This is a simplified guide for police and other law PCs.
Types of Crimes
In Maine, crimes are divided into six classes by punishment. Murder is the most serious crime, followed by Class A crimes, Class B crimes, Class C, Class D, and Class E.
Murder and Class A, B, and C crimes are what are traditional considered 'felonies', for instance:
- Class A Crimes: Serious and violent felonies like rape, manslaughter, kidnapping, arson. Up to 30 years in prison.
- Class B Crimes: Serious felonies like aggravated assault (assault with a weapon or serious injury), drug trafficking, residential burglary, aggravated pimping. Up to 10 years in prison.
- Class C Crimes: General felonies like perjury, burglary, grand theft, reckless evasion, child abuse causing harm. Up to 5 years in prison.
Class D and E crimes are traditionally considered 'misdemeanors', for instance:
- Class D Crimes: General misdemeanors like simple assault, child neglect, operating a motor vehicle under the influence (OUI), petty theft of more than $500, pimping. Up to 1 year in county jail.
- Class E Crimes: Minor misdemeanors like disorderly conduct, driving on a suspended license, prostitution, or shoplifting. Up to 6 months in county jail.
Often, prior convictions for a crime will increase its severity. Prostitution, for instance, is a Class E crime, but with priors it becomes Class D. OUI is normally a Class D crime, carrying only local jail time if any imprisonment, but with 2 or more recent priors a person can go to state prison as a Class C crime for drunk driving. Multiple prior thefts may turn even shoplifting into a Class C crime. Other enhancements also exist, like the use of a weapon (which increases the class of the crime by one step) or the use of a firearm (which sets a minimum term in prison).
Common Maine Crimes
- Maine Criminal Codes (Title 17 MRS)
- 201: Murder (Special)
- 207: Assault (Class D)
- 207-A: Domestic Violence (Class D or C)
- 208: Aggravated assault (Assault with serious injury or weapon; Class B)
- 209: Criminal threats (Class D)
- 210-A: Stalking (Class D or C)
- 211: Reckless conduct (Creating a risk of injury to another; Class D)
- 213: Agg. reckless conduct (Creating a risk of injury with terrorist intent; Class B)
- 253: Rape (Class A)
- 254: Statutory Rape (Class C, D, or E, depending on age and blood relation)
- 255: Unlawful Sexual Contact (Class B, C, or D, depending on factors)
- 282: Child porn producing (Class A or B)
- 283: Child porn distribution (Class B or C)
- 284: Child porn possession (Class C or D)
- 301: Kidnapping (Class A or B)
- 302: False imprisonment/criminal restraint (Class C or D)
- 353: Theft (All theft is between Class E and B, depending on value)
- 354: Theft By Fraud
- 355: Extortion
- 359: Receiving Stolen Property
- 401: Burglary (Entry with intent to commit a crime; Class B or C)
- 402: Trespass (Class D or E)
- 405: Auto Burglary (Class C or D)
- 451: Perjury (Class C)
- 454: Witness Intimidation (Class B or C)
- 501: Disorderly Conduct (Class E)
- 506: Harassment (Class E)
- 506-B: Violation of Restraining Order (Class D)
- 509: False Police Report (Class D)
- 553: Abandoning a child (Class C or D)
- 554: Child endangerment (Class C or D)
- 651: Robbery (Theft by force or fear; Class A or B)
- 703: Forgery (Class B, C, or D, depending on value)
- 751: Resisting Arrest (Class D or E)
- 752: Assault on an Officer (Class C)
- 758: Obstructing Report of Crime (Class D)
- 802: Arson (Class A)
- 805: Aggravated Criminal Mischief (Destruction of high value property; Class C)
- 806: Criminal Mischief (Destruction of low value property; Class D)
- 852: Pimping (Class B)
- 853: Prostitution (Class E)
- 854: Public Sex (Class E)
- 1104: Drug Trafficking (Class B, C, or D, depending on quantity and drug)
- 1107: Possession of Drugs (Class B, C, D, or E. Usually C.)
- Other Common Crimes
- 15 MRS 393: Felon in Possession of a Firearm (Class C)
- 25 MRS 2001: Possession of a Concealed Weapon (Class D)
- 23 MRS 4211: Operating Under the Influence (OUI; Class D, Class C with priors)
- Not Crimes, But Important
- 34B MRS 3862: Allows an officer to involuntarily commit someone on a mental health hold. Law enforcement slang for crazy is '3862'.